The resulting shift by road operators towards a culture of network optimisation is at the heart of the exponential growth in the offer of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) applications. Usually conceived to overcome a specific problem, such as route guidance or tunnel safety operations, the implementation of ITS across Europe remains uneven and fragmented due to a poor understanding of the drivers of road transport demand.
In a matter of years, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), and singularly EGNOS and GALILEO, will provide the technological framework of reference to reduce the negative impact of road transport while at the same time offering new services to a myriad of users impacted by road transport.
The GIROADS initative
The road sector represents one of the largest mass markets for GNSS technology applications both in terms of number of users and business volume with a continuous growth of demand expected in the next decade. The underlying philosophy behind the GIROADS project is that a number of key applications have the potential to become enablers of transport policy as a whole while giving rise to commercially viable service provision schemes of interest to a wide range of stakeholders. These applications will be individually analysed to understand user requirements, assess the existing regulatory framework and build a realistic market study that can serve as a reference to the sector.
The MENTORE initative
MENTORE (iMplemENtation of GNSS tracking & tracing Technologies fOR Eu regulated domains) is a two-year project co-financed by the European GNSS Supervisory Authority (GSA) which began on 9 July 2007.
The key objective of MENTORE is to demonstrate the added value of EGNOS and GALILEO at the service of tracking and tracing applications, with a long term view to:
- supporting the application of National and European regulations already in place
- accelerating the set-up process of regulations presently under development in support of EU policies
- triggering the development of a new European regulatory framework that integrates national trends and strategies.
Capitalising on the results of previous European initiatives and using existing tracking technologies, MENTORE will help achieving a shared understanding of the regulatory and technological enablers supporting the widespread usage of GNSS as a tool to monitor and control the position of objects for safety, efficiency and traceability purposes.
The GINA initative
The European satellite navigation systems EGNOS and Galileo constitute an important component of the global answer to the challenges raised by increased personal and freight mobility and will soon offer new services such as road pricing and other Value Added Services (VAS) to a wide range of stakeholders such as infrastructure providers, fleet operators, or car insurers.
GINA (GNSS for INnovative road Applications), a project commissioned by the GSA with funds from the European Commission's 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technology Development, addresses the adoption of EGNOS/Galileo in the road sector with regards to 3 specific aspects: its technical feasibility on a large scale, its economic viability and its positive impacts on issues such as congestion and pollution.
More specifically, the two-year project will: first investigate the factors which could enable the application of GNSS-based road pricing and Value Added Services on a national scale ; and secondly carry out a nationwide demonstration of GNSS-based road pricing and VAS in the Netherlands.
The SCUTUM initative
SCUTUM pursues a concrete path for the adoption of the EGNOS capabilities for the transport of dangerous goods via road.
Because of its enhanced stability and accuracy, eni, a leading Italian oil company, operating at international level, is using EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) to monitor its fleet transporting hydrocarbon in Italy. More than 400 hundred vehicles are presently equipped with EGNOS tracking & tracing on-board units.
Based on the eni experience in Italy, SCUTUM implements a best practice programme performing EGNOS large-scale trials in Europe. The eni/ Italian system is enhanced and extended on a cross-border basis towards a wider adoption of EGNOS in neighbouring countries Austria and France, for further exploitation in other Member States and other freight types.
The authorities involved in the trials (Italy’s and France’s Ministry of Transport) validate EGNOS benefits and value for the provision of guaranteed tracking & tracing services to enhance transport safety.
SCUTUM is in line with the European policies and Action Plans in support of the telematics applied to the freight transport and the use of EGNOS/Galileo, such as the ITS Action Plan, the Directive for the implementation of the ITS Action Plan, the Freight Logistics Action Plan and related eFreight initiatives.
The FOTsis initative
The FOTsis project falls under Action Area 4 ‘Integration of Vehicle and Transport Infrastructure’. In the past many EC-funded research efforts (i.e. AIDE, PROSPER, PREVENT, ISiPADAS…) have approached ITS cooperative systems from a vehicle perspective.
However, little EC-supported research has been conducted in regards to the road infrastructure needed for an adequate operation of I2V & I2I cooperative systems, as only some limited efforts in the frame of projects like TRACKSS, SAFESPOT, COOPERS, and CVIS have attempted to connect vehicles, infrastructures and traffic management centres.
The FOTsis initiative represents a different approach for the deployment of field operational test, from the perspective of road operators, with the acquired experience of leading technological road maintenance/operation and service provision companies, and with the aim to integrate the current infrastructure management systems into the common European Communication Architecture (promoted by the COMeSafety, PreDRIVE C2X, CVIS and SAFESPOT projects) for service provision, therefore enhancing security, intelligence and sustainability in road design, operation and maintenance.