Environment 2024

9.1 Comparison between freight & passenger transport evolution and CO2 emissions in EU 27, 1995-2021

Source: European Environment Agency (EEA), April 2023

9.2 CO2 emissions from Road transport in EU 27, 2000-2021 ( Million tonnes CO2 equivalent)

Source:  European Environment Agency, April 2023

9.3 CO2 Emissions from Road Transport, by Transport Mean: EU-27

Source: European Environment Agency (EEA), April 2023

9.4 Average CO2 emissions per km from new passenger cars in EU, 2021-2022

9.4.1 Average CO2 emissions in EU countries, 2021 - 2022 (g CO2 / km)

2021 2022 Evolution 2021-2022
BE 117 104,5 -10,7%
BG 139,5 134,3 -3,7%
CZ 138,8 137,7 -0,8%
DK 92,3 86,3 -6,5%
DE 113,5 105,9 -6,7%
EE 142,6 141,6 -0,7%
IE 112,6 100,7 -10,6%
EL 119,8 118 -1,5%
ES 126 121,5 -3,6%
FR 108,6 103,1 -5,1%
HR 127,9 127,3 -0,5%
IT 120,3 119,2 -0,9%
CY 145,9 136,8 -6,2%
LV 142,6 134,6 -5,6%
LT 135,7 135,9 0,1%
LU 123,8 115,7 -6,5%
HU 133,1 131,2 -1,4%
MT 107,5 91,4 -15,0%
NL 95,1 86,8 -8,7%
AT 116,1 112 -3,5%
PL 137,6 135,7 -1,4%
PT 107,1 103,1 -3,7%
RO 125,6 119,7 -4,7%
SI 133,7 129,1 -3,4%
SK 138 136,8 -0,9%
FI 98,3 85,3 -13,2%
SE 88,3 66,6 -24,6%
EU 27 115,7 109,8 -5,1%

Source: European Commission – Directorate-General for Climate Action (CLIMA); European Environment Agency (EEA)

9.4.2 Evolution in CO2 emissions in EU countries, 2021 - 2022 (%)

Source: EEA

9.5 Fuel market share for new car registrations in EU, 2022-2023

Source: ACEA

9.6 Pure Biodiesel production capacity in EU countries, 2015-2022 (1000 tonnes)

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
BE 450,0 450,0 450,0 450,0 450,0 450,0 450,0 450,0
BG 160,0 160,0 160,0 160,0 180,0 180,0 260,0 268,0
CZ 420,0 420,0 420,0 420,0 420,0 420,0 420,0 420,0
DK 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0
DE 4.212,0 4.125,0 4.153,0 4.279,0 4.171,0 3.793,0 4.120,0 4.151,0
EE 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0
IE 29,9 29,9 53,2 53,2 53,2 79,6 141,2 162,8
EL 993,9 993,9 1.045,4 1.045,4 1.045,4 1.135,4 1.135,4 0,0
ES 4.237,0 4.237,0 4.237,0 4.237,0 4.237,0 4.237,0 4.237,0 4.237,0
FR 2.760,0 2.305,0 2.305,0 2.305,0 2.305,0 2.305,0 2.305,0 2.305,0
HR 63,8 41,0 41,0 41,0 41,0 41,0 41,0 41,0
IT 2.212,2 2.212,2 2.212,2 2.212,2 2.212,2 2.212,2 2.212,2 2.212,2
CY 14,1 5,0 5,0 5,0 5,0 0,0 0,0 0,0
LV 173,0 173,0 173,0 173,0 173,0 173,0 173,0 173,0
LT 140,0 140,0 140,0 156,0 195,0 195,0 195,0 195,0
LU 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0
HU 150,0 157,0 172,0 180,0 180,0 180,0 180,0 220,0
MT 1,4 1,4 1,4 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0
NL 2.176,0 1.927,0 2.058,0 2.082,0 2.124,0 2.141,0 2.269,0 2.165,0
AT 645,5 645,5 645,5 645,5 645,5 645,5 645,5 645,5
PL 1.157,4 1.035,9 1.188,9 1.368,6 1.368,6 1.576,9 1.869,4 1.861,2
PT 721,3 721,3 721,3 721,3 721,3 721,3 721,3 721,3
RO 200,0 200,0 200,0 200,0 210,0 300,0 300,0 300,0
SI 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0
SK 177,0 125,0 125,0 125,0 125,0 135,0 120,0 120,0
FI 480,0 480,0 490,0 500,0 500,0 500,0 600,0 600,0
SE 310,0 132,5 132,0 450,0 450,0 450,0 450,0 450,0
EU-27 21.884,5 20.717,6 21.129,0 21.809,3 21.812,3 21.870,9 22.845,0 21.698,0

Source: Eurostat

9.7 Renewable energy source share in transport EU-27, 2010-2022 (%)

% Renewable energy sources in transport

Source: Eurostat

9.8 GHG emissions in EU27 by sector 1990- 2022

Source: JRC – EDGAR
Notes:
CO2= Carbon dioxide
N20= Nitrous oxide
CH4= Methane
F-gases= Fluorinated gases

9.9 CO2 emissions by sector in EU* (Mt CO2), 2021

Source: EC

Notes
* Excluding LULUCF emissions and international maritime, including international aviation and indirect CO2.
** Excluding international maritime (international traffic departing from the EU), including international aviation.
*** Emssions from Manufacturing and Construction, Industrial Processes and Product Use.
**** Emissions from Fuel Combustion and other Emissions from Agriculture.
***** Emissions from Other (Not elsewhere specified), Fugitive Emissions from Fuels, Waste, Indirect CO2 and Other.

9.10 Final energy consumption by sector in EU27 , 2022 ( % of TOE)

Source: Eurostat