Freight Transport 2021

5.1 Transport of goods, performance by mode in EU 27, 1995-2018 (billion tkm)

Road Rail Inland Water- ways Pipe- lines Total
Sea(1) Air
1995 1 127  375  122  104  671  1 2400
1996 1 136  379  120  108  680  1 2423
1997 1 182  394  128  108  699  2 2513
1998 1 242  377  131  115  722  2 2588
1999 1 294  367  129  113  743  2 2648
2000 1 344  388  134  116  770  2 2753
2001 1 389  369  132  122  782  2 2797
2002 1 439  368  132  119  794  2 2854
2003 1 441  376  123  121  807  2 2870
2004 1 588  390  137  123  836  2 3075
2005 1 588  395  139  127  838  2 3088
2006 1 639  416  138  126  836  2 3157
2007 1 698  431  145  118  832  2 3226
2008 1 676  422  147  115  826  2 3188
2009 1 515  344  133  112  760  2 2865
2010 1 558  375  155  111  824  2 3026
2011 1 542  401  142  108  840  2 3035
2012 1 482  385  150  105  829  2 2952
2013 1 518  384  153  102  847  2 3006
2014 1 527  389  151  101  872  2 3042
2015 1 561  396  147  104  862  2 3 072
2016 1 621  411  147  105  907  2 3 193
2017 1 707  415  147  104  919  2 3 294
2018 1 709  423  135  104  979  2 3 353
1995 -2018 51,6% 12,9% 10,7% 0,2% 45,8% 56,2% 39,7%
2000 -2018 27,2% 9,1% 0,9% -10,1% 27,2% 27,5% 21,8%
2017-2018 0,1% 2,1% -8,3% 0,1% 6,5% 2,0% 1,8%

Source: EC
Road: national and international haulage by vehicles registered in the EU-27 until 2004, from 2005 onwards the activity performed by European drivers within the EU territory.
Air and Sea: only domestic and intra-EU-27 transport; estimates for air and for sea based on Eurostat data. The time series for maritime activity from 1995 to 2004 and for aviation activity from 1995 to 2007 have been recalibrated by DG MOVE in line with the new EU-27 figures to avoid break in series.

5.2 Goods transport by mode in EU 27, 2018 (% of tkm)

Source: EC
Notes:
Air and Sea: only domestic and intra-EU-27 transport; estimates for air and for sea based on Eurostat data. The time series for maritime activity from 1995 to 2004 and for aviation activity from 1995 to 2007 have been recalibrated by DG MOVE in line with the new EU-27 figures to avoid break in series.

Road: national and international haulage by vehicles registered in the EU-27 until 2004, from 2005 onwards the activity performed by European drivers within the EU territory.

5.3 Inland transport modal split in EU 27, 2000-2018 (% of tkm)

Road Rail Inland waterways Pipelines
2000 48,8 14,1 4,9 4,2
2001 49,7 13,2 4,7 4,4
2002 50,4 12,9 4,6 4,2
2003 50,2 13,1 4,3 4,2
2004 51,6 12,7 4,4 4,0
2005 51,4 12,8 4,5 4,1
2006 51,9 13,2 4,4 4,0
2007 52,6 13,4 4,5 3,7
2008 52,6 13,2 4,6 3,6
2009 52,9 12,0 4,6 3,9
2010 51,5 12,4 5,1 3,7
2011 50,8 13,2 4,7 3,6
2012 50,2 13,0 5,1 3,6
2013 50,5 12,8 5,1 3,4
2014 50,2 12,8 5,0 3,3
2015 50,8 12,9 4,8 3,4
2016 50,8 12,9 4,6 3,3
2017 51,8 12,6 4,5 3,2
2018 51,0 12,6 4,0 3,1

Source: EC
Notes:
Road:
national and international haulage by vehicles registered in the EU-27 until 2004, from 2005 onwards the activity performed by European drivers within the EU territory.

5.4 Inland transport modal split in EU 27, 2018 (% of tkm)

Source: EC

5.5 Performance of inland freight transport by mode in EU countries, 2018 (billion tkm)

Road (*) Railways Inland Waterways (**) Pipelines (Oil) (***)
EU-28 1924, 508 440, 531 135, 077 114, 011
BE 32,7 7,3 11,4 1,6
BG 27,0 3,8 4,9 0,7
CZ 41,1 16,6 0,0 2,1
DK 15,0 2,6 2,0
DE 316,8 124,6 46,9 17,2
EE 5,8 2,6
IE 11,6 0,1
EL 29,3 0,4 0,0
ES 239,0 10,7 9,9
FR 173,3 32,0 7,3 12,4
HR 12,6 2,7 0,7 2,0
IT 124,9 22,1 0,1 10,3
CY 0,9
LV 15,0 17,9 1,1
LT 43,6 16,9 0,0 0,3
LU 6,8 0,2 0,2
HU 37,9 10,6 1,6 2,5
MT 0,3
NL 68,9 7,0 47,2 5,5
AT 25,8 22,0 1,5 8,6
PL 315,9 59,4 0,1 21,3
PT 33,0 2,8 0,4
RO 58,8 13,1 12,3 1,1
SI 22,2 5,2
SK 35,6 8,4 0,8 4,8
FI 28,3 11,2 0,1
SE 43,5 23,4 0,0
UK 159,1 17,2 0,1 10,0

Source: EC
(*) National and international haulage by vehicles registered in the reporting country (including cross-trade and cabotage). Only haulage of heavy goods vehicles (usually > 3,5 tonnes load capacity)
(**) For FI only shipborne transport (i.e. no floating) IT, LT, FI and UK: data include only national traffic BG, HR and RO: data include transit traffic from 2009 (and partially in 2008) HR: data include transit traffic from 2008 onward
(***) Data are not harmonised and therefore not fully comparable; in most countries, only pipelines longer than 40km are included. DE: only crude oil (i.e. no refined petroleum products) DK: crude oil including water

5.6 Performance by mode for inland freight transport in EU 27, 1995-2018 (billion tkm)

Source: ΕC

5.7 Total road transport by group of goods in EU countries, 2019 (1.000 tonnes and million tkm)

Thousand
tonnes
Million tkm
BE 283945 34829
BG 114574 20551
CZ
DK 167747 14991
DE 3208232 311875
EE 28373 4794
IE
EL 354081 28197
ES
FR 1634946 174061
HR 81125 12477
IT
CY 29361 858
LV 73755 14965
LT 100802 53117
LU 55303 7381
HU 202631 36951
NL 689009 68337
AT 402083 26444
PL 1506450 348952
PT 155866 31014
RO 256641 61041
SI 91775 24011
SK 187184 33941
FI 270462 28848
SE 449362 42604
UK 1470486 160831
TOTAL 11.814.193 1.541.070

Source: Eurostat

5.8 Transport of dangerous goods* in EU countries, 2013-2019 (million tkm)

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
BE 2.124 1.694 3.353 4.070 3.838 3.003 3.591
BG 958 684 885 469 591 400 240
CZ 1.281 1.567 1.865 2.224 1.895 1.516 1.611
DK 760 690 814 699 621 734 728
DE 12.958 12.912 12.425 12.725 12.934 12.835 12.793
EE 163 172 146 145 208 215 211
IE 476 355 347 306 146 102 112
EL 1.061 1.010 1.377 798 1.451 1.178 1.127
ES 10.626 11.718 12.269 11.538 12.735 13.210 12.710
FR 8.158 7.976 8.281 9.747 9.737 9.617 8.287
HR 483 501 455 531 582 713 820
IT 8.037 7.358 6.942 6.635 7.918 8.439 9.293
CY 181 147 138 165 193 146 79
LV 213 227 315 335 282 296 272
LT 386 534 488 591 593 582 629
LU 700 839 454 482 503 491 495
HU 997 1.023 1.206 1.315 1.273 1.204 1.017
NL 1.332 1.119 1.171 1.181 1.296 1.467 1.482
AT 946 933 927 1.010 1.033 968 995
PL 7.024 8.778 9.174 8.444 8.785 7.386 9.441
PT 973 946 1.158 983 1.035 665 750
RO 1.704 1.664 1.623 2.326 2.490 1.944 1.936
SI 552 724 714 857 890 1.062 1.068
SK 228 329 364 398 496 384 300
FI 1.426 1.423 1.909 2.201 1.888 1.945 2.294
SE 1.064 1.283 2.122 1.794 1.983 1.585 1.431
UK 8.268 7.759 9.601 9.015 7.121 7.252 6.251
EU 28 73.079 74.365 80.523 80.984 82.517 79.339 79.963

Source: Eurostat
*Total of dangerous goods includes: Explosives; Gases – compressed, liquified, dissolved under pressure; Flammable liquids and solids; Substances liable to spontaneous combustion; Substance emitting flammable gases (with water); Oxidising substances; Organic peroxides; Toxic substances; Substances liable to cause infections; Radioactive material; Corrosives; Miscellaneous dangerous substances.

5.9 Registration of commercial vehicles in EU and selected countries, 2019-2020

Medium and Heavy Commercial Vehicles Over 3.5 t

2019 2020 Evolution 2019-2020
AT 8.082 5.676 -29,8%
BE 11.514 7.516 -34,7%
DK 3234 2055
HR 1.472 895 -39,2%
CZ 252 99 -60,7%
CY 9.852 7.355
DK 5.022 3.727 -25,8%
EE 1.034 493 -52,3%
FI 4.020 3.430 -14,7%
FR 56.261 42.699 -24,1%
DE 98.399 74.779 -24,0%
EL 428 561 31,1%
HU 5.276 3.275 -37,9%
IE 2.214 1.936 -12,6%
IT 23.606 20.303 -14,0%
LV 1.107 714 -35,5%
LT 7.345 4.188 -43,0%
LU 1.202 991 -17,6%
NL 15.374 10.426 -32,2%
PL 28.317 20.671 -27,0%
PT 4.973 3.585 -27,9%
RO 6.435 4.112 -36,1%
SK 3.482 1.943
SI 2.290 1.323 -42,2%
ES 24.573 19.245 -21,7%
SE 7.308 5.502 -24,7%
EU 27 333.072 247.499 -25,7%
IS 304 205 -32,6%
NO 7.411 5.993 -19,1%
CH 4.291 3.579 -16,6%

Source: ACEA

Light Commercial Vehicles (LCV) Up to 3,5 t

Country 2019 2020 Evolution 2019-2020
AT 43.425 36.545 -15,8%
BE 81.219 71.313 -12,2%
DK 5.985 5.060 -15,5%
HR 8.982 6.797 -24,3%
CZ 2.272 1.577 -30,6%
CY 20.436 17.141 -16,1%
DK 33.106 31.122 -6,0%
EE 4.403 3.289 -25,3%
FI 14.704 12.842 -12,7%
FR 478.375 401.154 -16,1%
DE 304.965 267.832 -12,2%
EL 7.972 6.865 -13,9%
HU 26.203 22.043 -15,9%
IE 25.336 21.732 -14,2%
IT 187.864 159.709 -15,0%
LV 2.703 2.120 -21,6%
LT 4.228 2.859 -32,4%
LU 5.089 4.420 -13,1%
NL 76.251 60.433 -20,7%
PL 69.872 59.649 -14,6%
PT 38.454 27.578 -28,3%
RO 16.985 13.730 -19,2%
SK 8.508 6.371 -25,1%
SI 11.161 8.033 -28,0%
ES 215.157 158.198 -26,5%
SE 53.816 31.015 -42,4%
EU 27 1.747.471 1.439.427 -17,6%
IS 1.375 1.001 -27,2%
NO 37.736 32.110 -14,9%
CH 34.690 28.158 -18,8%