Road Network 2021

2.1 Length of total road network by category(*) by country, end of 2018 (km)

Motorways Main or national roads Secondary or regional roads Other roads** Total
BE 1 763 13 229 1 349 138 869  155 210
BG  757 2 925 4 022 11 989  19 693
CZ 1 252 5 818 48 674 74 919  130 663
DK 1 329 2 594 70 840  74 763
DE 13 141 37 879 178 806  229 826
EE  154 3 861 12 595 42 398  59 008
IE  916 4 390 13 120 80 472  98 898
EL 2 098 9 299 30 864 75 600  117 861
ES 15 585 14 870 135 171 501 053  666 679
FR 11 671 9 551 378 401 704 151 1 103 774
HR 1 310 7 019 9 545 8 817  26 691
IT 6 943 20 786 155 247 73 591  256 567
CY  257 5 446 2 358 4 935  12 996
LV 1 673 5 453 61 695  68 821
LT  324 6 676 14 559 50 668  72 227
LU  165  839 1 891  19  2 914
HU 1 982 30 088 181 230  213 300
MT  520 2 120  2 640
NL 2 756 2 629 7 782 126 523  139 690
AT 1 749 10 858 23 653 91 238  127 498
PL 1 637 17 766 153 497 251 664  424 564
PT 3 065 6 457 4 791  14 313
RO  823 16 917 35 085 33 409  86 234
SI  623 5 917 13 361 32 061  51 962
SK  482 3 594 13 969 38 895  56 939
FI  926 12 541 13 470 51 006  77 943
SE 2 132 13 557 157 221 42 780  215 690
UK 3 857 49 699 33 216 335 983  422 754
ME 8 040  8 040
MK  287  615 3 779 9 878  14 559
AL
RS  645 3 890 10 040 30 037  44 612
TR 2 842 31 021 34 153 179 537  247 553
IS  41 4 370 3 380 5 158  12 949
NO  599 10 713 44 639 39 543  95 494
CH 1 462  397 17 816 51 880  71 555

 

Source: Eurostat [road_if_roadsc], International Road Federation (www.irfnet.ch) (BE, EL, LU, MT, IS), national statistics, estimates (in italics)
Notes:
*: the definition of road types varies from country to country, the data are therefore not fully comparable. MT, CY: data for 2016
“Other roads” sometimes includes roads without a hard surface.
*BE end of 2015 IT end of 2015 UK 1st of April 2019 MT end of 2017 CY:”other roads” sometimes includes roads without a hard surface

2.2 Length of total road network by country, 2018 (km)

Source:  EC, IRF
Notes: “Other roads” sometimes includes roads without a hard surface.

BE end of 2015
IT end of 2015
UK 1st of April 2019
MT end of 2017

2.3 Density of the total road network in EU countries, 2018 (km road/ km² land area)

Country Total road network (km)
BE 155.210
BG 19.693
CZ 130.663
DK 74.763
DE 229.826
EE 59.008
IE 98.898
EL 117.861
ES 666.679
FR 1.103.774
HR 26.691
IT 256.567
CY 12.996
LV 68.821
LT 72.227
LU 2.914
HU 213.300
MT 2.640
NL 139.690
AT 127.498
PL 424.564
PT 14.313
RO 86.234
SI 51.962
SK 56.939
FI 77.943
SE 215.690
UK 422.754
ME 8.040
MK 14.559
RS 44.612
TR 247.553
IS 12.949
NO 95.494
CH 71.555

Source:  EC
Notes: *: the definition of road types varies from country to country, the data are therefore not comparable.
“Other roads” sometimes includes roads without a hard surface.

BE end of 2015
IT end of 2015
UK 1st of April 2019
MT end of 2017

2.4 Length of motorway network in EU countries, 2018 (km)

Source: Eurostat, International Road Federation, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, ASECAP statistical bulletin, national statistics, estimates (in italics)
Notes: 

IT: 2017 figure
BE: situation at the end of 2015
CZ: as from 2016 most of expressways have been changed into class II motorways.
ES: ‘autopistas de peaje’ and ‘autovías y autopistas libres’
CY: from 2006: without urban M-ways
NL: all national roads (‘Rijkswegen’) with dual carriageways
UK: data refers to the 1st of April.

2.5 Proportion of motorways compared to the total road network in EU countries, 2018 (%)

Source: Eurostat, International Road Federation, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, ASECAP statistical bulletin, national statistics, estimates (in italics)
Notes: 

IT: 2017 figure
BE: situation at the end of 2015
CZ: as from 2016 most of expressways have been changed into class II motorways.
ES: ‘autopistas de peaje’ and ‘autovías y autopistas libres’
CY: from 2006: without urban M-ways
NL: all national roads (‘Rijkswegen’) with dual carriageways
UK: data refers to the 1st of April.

2.6 Density of motorways in EU countries, 2018 (km motorway per 100 km² land area)

Source: Eurostat, EC

EL end of 2010
UK 1st Apri,2014
IS end of 2011
MT end of 2012

2.7 Passenger cars per km of motorway in EU countries, 2018

Source: Eurostat, EC, UNECE statistical database
Notes:
Stock at end of year, except for BE: 1 August (1 July in 2012), CH: 30 September, LI: 1 July.
Taxis are usually included.
HR: from 2009 light vans are included in passenger cars and no longer in Goods Vehicles
FR: include private cars < 15 years old

2.8 Transport network Comparison between EU 27, USA, Japan, Russia and China, 2018 (thousand km)

EU 27 USA (1) Japan (2) China Russia
Road network
(paved)
4.930 4.577 1.006 4.466 1.171
Motorway network 73,8 99,0 9,0 142,6 54,2
Railway network 200,6 202,5 19,3 131,7 86,6
Electrified rail lines 111,6 11,7 75,9 44,1

Source: Chapter 2.5, 2.6 and 2.7, International Transport Forum (fatalities data for JP, RU all data) , Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer (JP, CN), national statistics (CN, JP, US), estimates (in italics)

Notes:
(1): Divided highways with 4 or more lanes (rural or urban interstate, freeways, expressways, arterial and collector) with full access control by the authorities.
(2): Japan: national expressways.
(3): USA: a sum of partly overlapping networks.
(4): China: both oil and gas pipelines
(5): USA: light duty vehicles, short wheel and long wheel base.
(6): Japan: ordinary, small and light four-wheeled vehicles.
(7): Japan: including 8.3 million light motor vehicles.

2.9 Density of motorways Comparison between EU 27, USA, Japan, Russia and China, 2018 (km motorway per km² land area)

Source: EC, IRF
EU-27: area, population: including French overseas departments.

2.10 Passenger cars per km of motorway. Comparison between EU 27, USA, Japan, Russia and China, 2018

Source: Eurostat, International Road Federation, International Transport Forum, Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer, national statistics

2.11 Cars/1000 person in EU 27, USA, Japan, Russia and China, 2018

Source: EC