Safety 2021

7.1 Road accidents involving personal injury by country, 1990-2019

1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 evolution 18/19 evolution 90/19
AT 46.338 38.956 42.126 40.896 35.348 35.129 40.831 38.502 37.957 37.960 38.466 37.402 36.846 35.736 -3,01 -25,17
BE 62.446 51.941 49.065 48.968 45.745 47.761 44.259 41.347 41.474 40.300 40.123 38.025 38.455 37.699 -1,97 -50,44
BG 6.478 7.435 6.886 8.224 6.609 6.639 6.717 7.015 7.018 7.225 7.404 6.888 6.684 6.730 0,69 3,66
HR 14.471 12.668 14.430 15.679 13.272 13.228 11.773 11.225 10.607 11.038 10.779 10.939 10.450 9.695 -7,22 -33,10
CZ 28.746 25.445 25.239 19.676 20.487 20.504 20.342 21.054 21.561 21.386 21.263 21.889 20.806 -4,95
DK 9.155 8.375 7.346 5.412 3.498 3.525 3.124 2.984 2.880 2.853 2.882 2.789 2.964 2.808 -5,26 -86,40
EE 2.099 1.644 1.504 2.341 1.347 1.492 1.383 1.364 1.413 1.376 1.468 1.406 1.469 1.406 -4,29 -46,08
FI 10.175 7.812 6.633 7.022 6.072 6.408 5.725 5.334 5.324 5.185 4.752 4.432 4.312 3.984 -7,61 -93,34
FR 162.573 132.949 121.223 84.525 67.288 65.024 60.437 56.812 58.191 56.603 57.522 58.613 55.766 56.016 0,45 -87,90
DE 340.043 388.003 382.949 336.619 288.297 306.266 299.637 291.105 302.435 305.659 308.145 302.656 308.721 300.143 -2,78 -10,42
EL 19.609 22.798 23.001 16.914 15.032 13.849 12.398 12.109 11.690 11.440 11.318 10.848 10.737 10.745 0,07 -38,54
HU 27.801 19.817 17.493 20.777 16.308 15.827 15.174 15.691 15.847 16.331 16.627 16.489 16.951 16.627 -1,91 -63,88
IE 6.067 8.117 7.757 6.533 5.780 5.230 5.610 4.976 5.796 5.831 5.877 6.019 6.119 5.862 -4,20 -2,64
IT 161.782 182.761 256.546 240.011 212.997 205.638 188.228 181.660 177.031 174.539 175.791 174.933 172.344 172.183 -0,09 4,05
LV 4.325 4.056 4.482 4.466 3.193 3.386 3.358 3.489 3.728 3.692 3.792 3.874 3.973 3.724 -6,27 -13,41
LT 5.135 4.144 5.807 6.772 3.530 3.266 3.391 3.391 3.225 3.033 3.201 3.055 2.926 3.289 12,41 -31,79
LU 1.216 1.145 901 777 876 962 1.019 949 908 983 941 955 947
MT 12.654 15.584 13.727 14.624 14.546 14.070 14.473 15.504 15.017 15.003
NL 13.247 11.437 10.873 8.929 3.853 4.968 9.522 13.358 18.523 18.749 18.706
PL 50.532 56.904 57.331 48.100 38.832 40.065 37.062 35.847 34.970 32.967 33.664 32.760 31.674 30.288 -4,38 -35,31
PT 45.110 47.793 44.159 37.066 35.426 32.541 29.867 30.339 30.604 31.953 32.299 34.416 34.235
RO 9.708 9.119 7.555 7.226 25.996 26.648 26.928 24.827 25.355 28.944 30.751 31.106 30.202 31.146 3,13 283,76
SK 8.713 7.884 7.903 6.570 5.775 5.370 5.113 5.391 5.502 5.602 5.638 5.689 5.410 -4,90
SI 5.177 6.540 8.469 10.309 7.560 7.218 6.864 6.542 6.264 6.585 6.495 6.185 6.014 6.025 0,18 10,01
ES 101.507 83.586 101.729 91.187 85.503 83.027 83.115 89.519 91.570 97.756 102.362 102.233 102.299
SE 16.975 15.626 15.770 18.094 16.500 16.119 16.458 14.815 12.926 14.672 14.051 14.849 14.233 13.684 -3,86 -20,87
UK 265.600 237.168 242.117 203.682 160.080 157.068 151.346 144.426 152.407 146.203 142.846 136.063 128.207
EU.28 1.387..569 1.398.253 1.482.135 1.319.255 1.138.915 1.137.202 1.100.092 1.073.315 1.093.896 1.104.218 1.112.310 1.097.545 1.054.106 774.006 -26,57 -41,40

 

No data for CY

7.2 Road accidents involving personal injury per one thousand population in EU countries, 2019

Source: Eurostat and OECD
Notes :
The definition of an accident involving personal injury differs from country to country.
The number of inhabitants used in this table is the sum of the population at 1 January 2018 and at 1 January 2019 divided by two.

7.3 Road fatalities in EU countries, 2009-2019

Country 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 evolution 2018/2019 evolution 2009/2019
BE 944 850 884 827 764 745 762 670 609 604 646 6,95 -31,57
BG 901 776 656 601 601 661 708 708 682 610 628 2,95 -30,30
CZ 901 802 773 742 654 688 734 611 577 656 618 -5,79 -31,41
DK 303 255 220 167 191 182 178 211 175 171 199 16,37 -34,32
DE 4.152 3.648 4.009 3.600 3.339 3.377 3.459 3.206 3.180 3.275 3.046 -6,99 -26,64
EE 98 79 101 87 81 78 67 71 48 67 52 -22,39 -46,94
IE 238 212 186 163 188 192 162 182 156 139 140 0,72 -41,18
EL 1.456 1.258 1.141 988 879 795 793 824 731 700 688 -1,71 -52,75
ES 2.687 2.444 1.983 1.859 1.636 1.679 1.689 1.810 1.830 1.806 1.755 -2,82 -34,69
FR 4.273 3.992 3.963 3.653 3.268 3.384 3.459 3.471 3.444 3.246 3.237 -0,28 -24,25
HR 548 426 418 393 368 308 348 307 331 317 297 -6,31 -45,80
IT 4.237 4.114 3.860 3.753 3.401 3.381 3.428 3.283 3.378 3.334 3.173 -4,83 -25,11
CY 71 60 71 51 44 45 57 46 53 49 52 6,12 -26,76
LV 254 218 179 177 179 212 188 158 136 148 132 -10,81 -48,03
LT 370 299 296 302 256 267 242 192 191 173 186 7,51 -49,73
LU 48 32 33 34 45 35 36 32 25 36 22 -38,89 -54,17
HU 822 740 638 605 591 626 644 607 625 633 602 -4,90 -26,76
MT 15 13 16 9 17 10 11 23 19 18 16 -11,11 6,67
NL 644 537 546 562 476 476 531 533 535 598 586 -2,01 -9,01
AT 633 552 523 531 455 430 479 432 414 409 416 1,71 -34,28
PL 4.572 3.908 4.189 3.571 3.357 3.202 2.938 3.026 2.831 2.862 2.909 1,64 -36,37
PT 823 937 891 718 637 638 593 563 602 700 688 -1,71 -16,40
RO 2.796 2.377 2.018 2.042 1.861 1.818 1.893 1.913 1.951 1.867 1.864 -0,16 -33,33
SI 171 138 141 130 125 108 120 130 104 91 102 12,09 -40,35
SK 384 371 325 352 251 295 310 275 276 260 270 3,85 -29,69
FI 279 272 292 255 258 229 270 258 238 239 211 -11,72 -24,37
SE 358 266 319 285 260 270 259 270 253 324 221 -31,79 -38,27
UK 2.337 1.905 1.960 1.802 1.770 1.854 1.804 1.860 1.856 1.839
EU 28 35.315 31.481 30.631 28.259 25.952 25.985 26.162 25.672 25.250 25.171 22.756 -9,59 -35,56

Source: Eurostat

7.4 Percentage change in road fatalities between 2000 and 2019 (%)

Source: Eurostat

7.5 Road fatalities country rankings, 2018

per million inhabitants per 10 billion pkm per million passenger cars
IE 29 IE 25 MT 61
DK 30 SE 28 SE 67
SE 32 DK 28 DK 67
NL 35 SI 32 IE 67
MT 37 DE 35 FI 69
ES 39 FI 35 DE 70
DE 40 NL 41 NL 71
FI 43 FR 42 ES 76
SI 44 IT 44 SI 80
AT 46 LU 45 AT 83
SK 48 EE 48 IT 86
FR 48 AT 51 LU 88
EE 51 ES 51 CY 91
EU-27 52 EU-27 54 EE 91
BE 53 BE 56 EU-27 100
IT 55 LT 57 FR 101
CY 56 EL 64 BE 104
LU 59 MT 65 SK 114
CZ 62 CY 71 CZ 116
LT 62 PT 72 LT 124
HU 65 CZ 80 PL 126
EL 65 SK 88 EL 131
PT 68 LV 95 PT 135
PL 76 HU 97 HU 178
HR 77 BG 104 HR 194
LV 78 HR 123 LV 217
BG 87 PL 134 BG 220
RO 96 RO 173 RO 300

Source: EC

7.6 Lives saved per million inhabitants in EU countries in 2018 (compared to 2001)

Source: EC, OECD

7.7 Evolution of road fatalities and injured in EU 28, 2003-2019

Data extracted on 22 May 2020 11:52 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat
Source:  OECD
No data for CY

7.8 Road fatalities by mode of transport in EU 28 2018

7.9 PTWs fatalities in selected EU countries, 2018 (%)

motor cycle moped Total fatalities motor cycle % moped %
BE 2018  87  18 530 16,4 3,4
BG 2018  4  7 487 0,8 0,6
CZ 2018  94  5 514 18,3 1,0
DK 2018  21  10 141 14,9 7,1
DE 2018  619  78 2811 22,0 2,8
EE 2018  6  0 55 10,9 0,0
IE 2016  22  0 147 15,0 0,0
EL 2018  190  27 554 34,3 4,9
ES 2018  359  62 1420 25,3 4,4
FR 2018  627  133 2778 22,6 4,8
 HR 2018  55  4 252 21,8 1,6
IT 2018  687  108 2722 25,2 4,0
CY 2018  14  2 41 34,1 4,9
LV 2018  3  4 98 3,1 4,1
LT 2018  13  1 102 12,7 1,0
LU 2018  9  0 33 27,3 0,0
HU 2018  49  13 468 10,5 2,8
MT 2018  7  1 16 43,8 6,3
NL 2018  42  31 548 7,7 5,7
AT 2018  102  8 362 28,2 2,2
PL 2017  231  55 1958 11,8 2,8
PT 2018  112  42 537 20,9 7,8
RO 2018  55  18 1177 4,7 1,5
SI 2018  16  2 78 20,5 2,6
SK 2018  0  3 188 0,0 1,6
FI 2018  24  3 214 11,2 1,4
SE 2018  47  7 290 16,2 2,4
UK 2018  353  8 1367 25,8 0,6

7.10 Road fatalities by gender in EU countries, 2019 (%)

Country % male % female Total Unknown* Female Male Year
BE 77,40 20,90 646 11 135 500 2019
BG 77,69 22,31 628 0 162 466 2019
CZ 75,57 21,20 618 20 131 467 2019
DK 78,39 21,61 199 0 43 156 2019
DE 75,18 24,79 3046 1 755 2290 2019
EE 67,31 32,69 52 0 17 35 2019
IE 73,08 26,37 182 1 48 133 2016
EL 84,30 15,70 688 0 108 580 2019
ES 78,69 21,08 1755 4 370 1381 2019
FR 77,36 22,64 3237 0 733 2504 2019
HR 80,13 19,87 297 0 59 238 2019
IT 80,87 19,13 3173 0 607 2566 2019
CY 76,92 23,08 52 0 12 40 2019
LV 81,06 18,94 132 0 25 107 2019
LT 68,18 30,58 242 3 74 165 2015
LU 81,82 18,18 22 0 4 18 2019
HU 71,59 28,07 602 2 169 431 2019
MT 72,22 27,78 18 0 5 13 2018
NL 70,31 29,01 586 4 170 412 2019
AT 72,60 27,40 416 0 114 302 2019
PL 76,31 23,51 2909 5 684 2220 2019
PT 73,40 26,45 688 1 182 505 2019
RO 75,97 24,03 1864 0 448 1416 2019
SI 81,37 18,63 102 0 19 83 2019
SK 75,56 24,07 270 1 65 204 2019
FI 77,73 22,27 211 0 47 164 2019
SE 76,47 23,53 221 0 52 169 2019
UK 74,33 25,67 1839 0 472 1367 2018

*Unknown means that gender or/and road user type variable is unknown

Source: Eurostat
LT: 2015 figures
MT: 2018 figures
UK: 2018 figures
IE: 2016 figures

7.11 Road fatalities by age group in EU 28* and selected countries, 2018

Source: IRTAD
* no data for BG, EE, HR, CY, LV, MT, RO and SK

7.12 Road Fatalities (per one million inhabitants) in EU 27 and selected countries, 2018

Source: OECD

7.13 Speed limits, blood alcohol limits in EU 28

Speed limit, cars (in general), km/h: Blood alcohol limit, grams of alcohol in 1 litre of blood
Built-up areas Outside built-up areas Motorways
BE 50 70 / 90  / 120 120 0,5
BG 50 80 / 90 100 0,5
CZ 50 90 / 110 130 0
DK 50 80 130 0,5
DE 50 100 (130) 0,5
EE 50 90 0,2
IE 50 80 / 100 120 0,5
EL 50 90 / 110 130 0,5
ES 50 90 120 0,5
FR 50 80 / 90 /110 130 0,5
HR 50 90 130 0,5
IT 50 90 130 0,5
CY 30 / 50 80 100 0,5
LV 50 90 0,5
LT 50 70 / 90 110 / 130 0,4
LU 50 90 130 0,5
HU 50 90 / 110 130 0
MT 50 80 0,8
NL 50 80 / 100 120 / 130 0,5
AT 50 100 130 0,5
PL 50 / 60 90 / 100 120 / 140 0,2
PT 50 90 / 100 120 0,5
RO 50 90 / 100 130 0
SI 50 90 / 110 130 0,5
SK 50 90 130 0
FI 50 80 80 / 120 0,22
SE 50 70 110 0,2
UK 48 96 112 0,8
ME 50 80 / 100 130 0,5
MK 50 80 / 100 120 0,5
AL 40 80 / 90 110 0,1
RS 50 80 / 100 120 0,2
TR 50 90 / 110 120 0,5
IS 50 80 / 90 0,5
NO 50 80 100 0,2
CH 50 80 / 100 120 0,5

Source: EC Road Safety website, national sources, International Transport Forum, The European Traffic Police Organization

Notes : 
UK, IE, CY and MT drive on the left hand side of the road, the other Member States drive on the right hand side (Sweden since 3 September 1967). Signs in UK are in miles per hour.
The reported speed limits refer to general circumstances. Different speed limits might apply in residential or pedestrian areas, on the basis of weather conditions,  the time of the day,  the vehicle driven,  the season, the visibility or unless otherwise stated by traffic signs. The higher figure shown in the “outside built-up areas” column generally refers to the speed limit on dual carriageways that are not motorways.

Speed limits:
BE: 70 km/h outside built-up areas in the Flemish Region.
DE: Motorways: No general speed limit, recommended speed limit is 130 km/h (more than half the network has a speed limit of 120 km/h or less).
ES: different speed limits apply on non-urban roads according to the presence of hard shoulders, or if the vehicle is equipped with a trailer or dangerous goods.

Blood alcohol limits:
In many countries, special (more restrictive) rules apply to novice (i.e. new, unexperienced) and professional drivers

7.14 Fatalities at 30 days by road user type in EU countries 2019 *

Source: Eurostat
*UK 2018 data

7.15 Fatalities at 30 days by road type in EU countries 2019 *

Source: Eurostat
*UK 2018 data