Safety 2021

erf-statistics-2020

7.1 Road accidents involving personal injury by country, 1990-2019

1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 evolution 18/19 evolution 1990/2019
AT 46338 38956 42126 40896 35348 35129 40831 38502 37957 37960 38466 37402 36846 35736 -3,01 -25,17
BE 62446 51941 49065 48968 45745 47761 44259 41347 41474 40300 40123 38025 38455 37699 -1,97 -50,44
BG 6478 7435 6886 8224 6609 6639 6717 7015 7018 7225 7404 6888 6684 6730 0,69 3,66
HR 14471 12668 14430 15679 13272 13228 11773 11225 10607 11038 10779 10939 10450 9695 -7,22 -33,10
CZ 28746 25445 25239 19676 20487 20504 20342 21054 21561 21386 21263 21889 20806 -4,95
DK 9155 8375 7346 5412 3498 3525 3124 2984 2880 2853 2882 2789 2964 2808 -5,26 -86,40
EE 2099 1644 1504 2341 1347 1492 1383 1364 1413 1376 1468 1406 1469 1406 -4,29 -46,08
FI 10175 7812 6633 7022 6072 6408 5725 5334 5324 5185 4752 4432 4312 3984 -7,61 -93,34
FR 162573 132949 121223 84525 67288 65024 60437 56812 58191 56603 57522 58613 55766 56016 0,45 -87,90
DE 340043 388003 382949 336619 288297 306266 299637 291105 302435 305659 308145 302656 308721 300143 -2,78 -10,42
EL 19609 22798 23001 16914 15032 13849 12398 12109 11690 11440 11318 10848 10737 10745 0,07 -38,54
HU 27801 19817 17493 20777 16308 15827 15174 15691 15847 16331 16627 16489 16951 16627 -1,91 -63,88
IE 6067 8117 7757 6533 5780 5230 5610 4976 5796 5831 5877 6019 6119 5862 -4,20 -2,64
IT 161782 182761 256546 240011 212997 205638 188228 181660 177031 174539 175791 174933 172344 172183 -0,09 4,05
CY
LV 4325 4056 4482 4466 3193 3386 3358 3489 3728 3692 3792 3874 3973 3724 -6,27 -13,41
LT 5135 4144 5807 6772 3530 3266 3391 3391 3225 3033 3201 3055 2926 3289 12,41 -31,79
LU 1216 1145 901 777 876 962 1019 949 908 983 941 955 947
MT 12654 15584 13727 14624 14546 14070 14473 15504 15017 15003
NL 13247 11437 10873 8929 3853 .. 4968 9522 13358 18523 18749 18706
PL 50532 56904 57331 48100 38832 40065 37062 35847 34970 32967 33664 32760 31674 30288 -4,38 -35,31
PT 45110 47793 44159 37066 35426 32541 29867 30339 30604 31953 32299 34416 34235
RO 9708 9119 7555 7226 25996 26648 26928 24827 25355 28944 30751 31106 30202 31146 3,13 283,76
SK 8713 7884 7903 6570 5775 5370 5113 5391 5502 5602 5638 5689 5410 -4,90
SI 5177 6540 8469 10309 7560 7218 6864 6542 6264 6585 6495 6185 6014 6025 0,18 10,01
ES 101507 83586 101729 91187 85503 83027 83115 89519 91570 97756 102362 102233 102299
SE 16975 15626 15770 18094 16500 16119 16458 14815 12926 14672 14051 14849 14233 13684 -3,86 -20,87
UK 265600 237168 242117 203682 160080 157068 151346 144426 152407 146203 142846 136063 128207
EU 28 1387569 1398253 1482135 1319255 1138915 1137202 1100092 1073315 1093896 1104218 1112310 1097545 1054106 774006 -26,57 -41,40

No data for CY

7.2 Road accidents involving personal injury per one thousand population in EU countries, 2019

Source: Eurostat and OECD
Notes :
The definition of an accident involving personal injury differs from country to country.
The number of inhabitants used in this table is the sum of the population at 1 January 2018 and at 1 January 2019 divided by two.

7.3 Road fatalities in EU countries, 2009-2019

Country 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 evolution 2018/2019 evolution 2009/2019
BE 944 850 884 827 764 745 762 670 609 604 646 6,95 -31,57
BG 901 776 656 601 601 661 708 708 682 610 628 2,95 -30,30
CZ 901 802 773 742 654 688 734 611 577 656 618 -5,79 -31,41
DK 303 255 220 167 191 182 178 211 175 171 199 16,37 -34,32
DE 4.152 3.648 4.009 3.600 3.339 3.377 3.459 3.206 3.180 3.275 3.046 -6,99 -26,64
EE 98 79 101 87 81 78 67 71 48 67 52 -22,39 -46,94
IE 238 212 186 163 188 192 162 182 156 139 140 0,72 -41,18
EL 1.456 1.258 1.141 988 879 795 793 824 731 700 688 -1,71 -52,75
ES 2.687 2.444 1.983 1.859 1.636 1.679 1.689 1.810 1.830 1.806 1.755 -2,82 -34,69
FR 4.273 3.992 3.963 3.653 3.268 3.384 3.459 3.471 3.444 3.246 3.237 -0,28 -24,25
HR 548 426 418 393 368 308 348 307 331 317 297 -6,31 -45,80
IT 4.237 4.114 3.860 3.753 3.401 3.381 3.428 3.283 3.378 3.334 3.173 -4,83 -25,11
CY 71 60 71 51 44 45 57 46 53 49 52 6,12 -26,76
LV 254 218 179 177 179 212 188 158 136 148 132 -10,81 -48,03
LT 370 299 296 302 256 267 242 192 191 173 186 7,51 -49,73
LU 48 32 33 34 45 35 36 32 25 36 22 -38,89 -54,17
HU 822 740 638 605 591 626 644 607 625 633 602 -4,90 -26,76
MT 15 13 16 9 17 10 11 23 19 18 16 -11,11 6,67
NL 644 537 546 562 476 476 531 533 535 598 586 -2,01 -9,01
AT 633 552 523 531 455 430 479 432 414 409 416 1,71 -34,28
PL 4.572 3.908 4.189 3.571 3.357 3.202 2.938 3.026 2.831 2.862 2.909 1,64 -36,37
PT 823 937 891 718 637 638 593 563 602 700 688 -1,71 -16,40
RO 2.796 2.377 2.018 2.042 1.861 1.818 1.893 1.913 1.951 1.867 1.864 -0,16 -33,33
SI 171 138 141 130 125 108 120 130 104 91 102 12,09 -40,35
SK 384 371 325 352 251 295 310 275 276 260 270 3,85 -29,69
FI 279 272 292 255 258 229 270 258 238 239 211 -11,72 -24,37
SE 358 266 319 285 260 270 259 270 253 324 221 -31,79 -38,27
UK 2.337 1.905 1.960 1.802 1.770 1.854 1.804 1.860 1.856 1.839 :
EU 28 35.315 31.481 30.631 28.259 25.952 25.985 26.162 25.672 25.250 25.171 22.756 -9,59 -35,56

Source: Eurostat

7.4 Percentage change in road fatalities between 2000 and 2019 (%)

Source: Eurostat

7.5 Road fatalities country rankings, 2018

per million inhabitants per 10 billion pkm per million passenger cars
IE 29 IE 25 MT 61
DK 30 SE 28 SE 67
SE 32 DK 28 DK 67
NL 35 SI 32 IE 67
MT 37 DE 35 FI 69
ES 39 FI 35 DE 70
DE 40 NL 41 NL 71
FI 43 FR 42 ES 76
SI 44 IT 44 SI 80
AT 46 LU 45 AT 83
SK 48 EE 48 IT 86
FR 48 AT 51 LU 88
EE 51 ES 51 CY 91
EU-27 52 EU-27 54 EE 91
BE 53 BE 56 EU-27 100
IT 55 LT 57 FR 101
CY 56 EL 64 BE 104
LU 59 MT 65 SK 114
CZ 62 CY 71 CZ 116
LT 62 PT 72 LT 124
HU 65 CZ 80 PL 126
EL 65 SK 88 EL 131
PT 68 LV 95 PT 135
PL 76 HU 97 HU 178
HR 77 BG 104 HR 194
LV 78 HR 123 LV 217
BG 87 PL 134 BG 220
RO 96 RO 173 RO 300

Source: EC

7.6 Lives saved per million inhabitants in EU countries in 2018 (compared to 2001)

Source: EC, OECD

7.7 Evolution of road fatalities and injured in EU 28, 2003-2019

Data extracted on 22 May 2020 11:52 UTC (GMT) from OECD.Stat
Source:  OECD
No data for CY

7.8 Road fatalities by mode of transport in EU 28 2018

Road fatalities by mode of transport in EU 28, 2015

7.9 PTWs fatalities in selected EU countries, 2018 (%)

motor cycle moped Total fatalities motor cycle % moped %
BE 2018  87  18 530 16,4 3,4
BG 2018  4  7 487 0,8 0,6
CZ 2018  94  5 514 18,3 1,0
DK 2018  21  10 141 14,9 7,1
DE 2018  619  78 2811 22,0 2,8
EE 2018  6  0 55 10,9 0,0
IE 2016  22  0 147 15,0 0,0
EL 2018  190  27 554 34,3 4,9
ES 2018  359  62 1420 25,3 4,4
FR 2018  627  133 2778 22,6 4,8
 HR 2018  55  4 252 21,8 1,6
IT 2018  687  108 2722 25,2 4,0
CY 2018  14  2 41 34,1 4,9
LV 2018  3  4 98 3,1 4,1
LT 2018  13  1 102 12,7 1,0
LU 2018  9  0 33 27,3 0,0
HU 2018  49  13 468 10,5 2,8
MT 2018  7  1 16 43,8 6,3
NL 2018  42  31 548 7,7 5,7
AT 2018  102  8 362 28,2 2,2
PL 2017  231  55 1958 11,8 2,8
PT 2018  112  42 537 20,9 7,8
RO 2018  55  18 1177 4,7 1,5
SI 2018  16  2 78 20,5 2,6
SK 2018  0  3 188 0,0 1,6
FI 2018  24  3 214 11,2 1,4
SE 2018  47  7 290 16,2 2,4
UK 2018  353  8 1367 25,8 0,6

7.10 Road fatalities by gender in EU countries, 2019 (%)

Country % male % female Total Unknown* Female Male Year
BE 77,40 20,90 646 11 135 500 2019
BG 77,69 22,31 628 0 162 466 2019
CZ 75,57 21,20 618 20 131 467 2019
DK 78,39 21,61 199 0 43 156 2019
DE 75,18 24,79 3046 1 755 2290 2019
EE 67,31 32,69 52 0 17 35 2019
IE 73,08 26,37 182 1 48 133 2016
EL 84,30 15,70 688 0 108 580 2019
ES 78,69 21,08 1755 4 370 1381 2019
FR 77,36 22,64 3237 0 733 2504 2019
HR 80,13 19,87 297 0 59 238 2019
IT 80,87 19,13 3173 0 607 2566 2019
CY 76,92 23,08 52 0 12 40 2019
LV 81,06 18,94 132 0 25 107 2019
LT 68,18 30,58 242 3 74 165 2015
LU 81,82 18,18 22 0 4 18 2019
HU 71,59 28,07 602 2 169 431 2019
MT 72,22 27,78 18 0 5 13 2018
NL 70,31 29,01 586 4 170 412 2019
AT 72,60 27,40 416 0 114 302 2019
PL 76,31 23,51 2909 5 684 2220 2019
PT 73,40 26,45 688 1 182 505 2019
RO 75,97 24,03 1864 0 448 1416 2019
SI 81,37 18,63 102 0 19 83 2019
SK 75,56 24,07 270 1 65 204 2019
FI 77,73 22,27 211 0 47 164 2019
SE 76,47 23,53 221 0 52 169 2019
UK 74,33 25,67 1839 0 472 1367 2018

*Unknown means that gender or/and road user type variable is unknown

Source: Eurostat
LT: 2015 figures
MT: 2018 figures
UK: 2018 figures
IE: 2016 figures

7.11 Road fatalities by age group in EU 28* and selected countries, 2018

Source: IRTAD
* no data for BG, EE, HR, CY, LV, MT, RO and SK

7.12 Road Fatalities (per one million inhabitants) in EU 27 and selected countries, 2018

Source: OECD

7.13 Speed limits, blood alcohol limits in EU 28

Speed limit, cars (in general), km/h: Blood alcohol limit, grams of alcohol in 1 litre of blood
Built-up areas Outside built-up areas Motorways
BE 50 70 / 90  / 120 120 0,5
BG 50 80 / 90 100 0,5
CZ 50 90 / 110 130 0
DK 50 80 130 0,5
DE 50 100 (130) 0,5
EE 50 90 0,2
IE 50 80 / 100 120 0,5
EL 50 90 / 110 130 0,5
ES 50 90 120 0,5
FR 50 80 / 90 /110 130 0,5
HR 50 90 130 0,5
IT 50 90 130 0,5
CY 30 / 50 80 100 0,5
LV 50 90 0,5
LT 50 70 / 90 110 / 130 0,4
LU 50 90 130 0,5
HU 50 90 / 110 130 0
MT 50 80 0,8
NL 50 80 / 100 120 / 130 0,5
AT 50 100 130 0,5
PL 50 / 60 90 / 100 120 / 140 0,2
PT 50 90 / 100 120 0,5
RO 50 90 / 100 130 0
SI 50 90 / 110 130 0,5
SK 50 90 130 0
FI 50 80 80 / 120 0,22
SE 50 70 110 0,2
UK 48 96 112 0,8
ME 50 80 / 100 130 0,5
MK 50 80 / 100 120 0,5
AL 40 80 / 90 110 0,1
RS 50 80 / 100 120 0,2
TR 50 90 / 110 120 0,5
IS 50 80 / 90 0,5
NO 50 80 100 0,2
CH 50 80 / 100 120 0,5

Source: EC Road Safety website, national sources, International Transport Forum, The European Traffic Police Organization

Notes : 
UK, IE, CY and MT drive on the left hand side of the road, the other Member States drive on the right hand side (Sweden since 3 September 1967). Signs in UK are in miles per hour.
The reported speed limits refer to general circumstances. Different speed limits might apply in residential or pedestrian areas, on the basis of weather conditions,  the time of the day,  the vehicle driven,  the season, the visibility or unless otherwise stated by traffic signs. The higher figure shown in the “outside built-up areas” column generally refers to the speed limit on dual carriageways that are not motorways.

Speed limits:
BE: 70 km/h outside built-up areas in the Flemish Region.
DE: Motorways: No general speed limit, recommended speed limit is 130 km/h (more than half the network has a speed limit of 120 km/h or less).
ES: different speed limits apply on non-urban roads according to the presence of hard shoulders, or if the vehicle is equipped with a trailer or dangerous goods.

Blood alcohol limits:
In many countries, special (more restrictive) rules apply to novice (i.e. new, unexperienced) and professional drivers

7.14 Fatalities at 30 days by road user type in EU countries 2019 *

Source: Eurostat
*UK 2018 data

7.15 Fatalities at 30 days by road type in EU countries 2019 *

Source: Eurostat
*UK 2018 data